专升本英语语法知识:怎么判断关系代词与关系副词?

方法一 用关系代词还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语就必须要求用关系代词而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。例如

This is the mountain village where I stayed last year.

I’ll never forget the days when I worked together with you.

专升本英语语法知识:怎么判断关系代词与关系副词?

判断改错:

错 This is the mountain village where I visited last year.

错 I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside.

对 This is the mountain village (which) I visited last year.

对 I’ll never forget the days (which) I spent in the countryside.

习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词 where, when联系在一起。此两题错在关系词的误用上。

方法二 准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状)也能正确选择出关系代词/关系副词。

例1. Is this museum ___ you visited a few days ago?

A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

例2. Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held.

A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

答案例1 D例2 A

例1变为肯定句 This museum is ___ you visited a few days ago.

例2变为肯定句 This is the museum ___ the exhibition was held.

专升本英语语法知识:怎么判断关系代词与关系副词?

在句1中所缺部分为宾语,而where, that, on which都不能起到宾语的作用只有the one既做了主句的表语又可做从句的宾语,可以省略关系代词,所以应选D。

而句2中, 主、谓、宾俱全,从句部分为句子的状语表地点,既可用副词where又因 in the museum词组可用介词in + which 引导地点状语。而此题中介词on 用的不对,所以选A。

关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分,先行词在从句中做主、定、宾语时选择关系代词 (who, whom, that, which, whose), 先行词在从句中做状语时应选择关系副词。

( where 地点状语when 时间状语why 原因状语) 。